When we plan the ascent of high mountains we are faced with the uncertainty of whether we are going to be ableto acclimatize ourselves in a good way to the altitude, or not. To tell thetruth, there is no magic or scientific formula to acclimate, since each personhas their own conditions and times to adapt to this environment.

The main limitation for mostmountaineers is time, since it is not so easy to have enough days toacclimatize our body to the altitude. In theory, this process takes weeks, butthe time factor is our biggest problem.

 The body begins to generate physiologicalchanges from 2,500m high, high level for many places in the world, but in theAndes is usually below the start of any of its mountains.

When ascending to these heightsthe body has two ways to adapt to the height:

• Increasing the body's abilityto deliver oxygen to muscles.

• Increasing the efficiency inwhich muscles use oxygen.

The first is done naturally, thesecond is only achieved through training and physical preparation.

Currently there are two methodsto acclimatize to height. Only experience in high mountains will let you knowwhich is the most effective.


• Method 1: climb high and sleeplow (the classic way). For example, on a mountain such as Huayna Potosí /6088m. (the most popular mountain in the city of La Paz) where on the first day(classic itinerary) it goes from the city of La Paz / 3700m. until the basecamp of Huayna Potosi / 4700m. a big difference in a day, after settling in oneof the camps the mountaineers prepare their equipment and leave in a 45 minutewalk to the old 4800m glacier. and they can do a basic mountaineering trainingfor 2 to 3 hours ascending to a maximum height of 4870m. to then return to therefuge in base camp / 4700m. . That walk allows you to do a little height andphysical activity, then lower a bit and rest better. At higher altitudes it ismore difficult to sleep and the body does not rest or recover trapped.

• Method 2: climb higher to sleepthere. Then descend and recover at low altitude. Exactly the opposite of thefirst method this will demand an extra day depending on which mountains

These two methods are the mostused among expert mountaineers and amateurs.


Personally I think that if youare in La Paz City and you want to climb some of the classic mountains (HuaynaPotosi, Condoriri, Illimani, Sajama) it is better to do the preparation sinceyou arrive in the city.

A day of walking throughchacaltaya and the valley of the moon / combined itinerary

One day doing physical activityon mountain bike./ often distract the mind doing something fun (the psychologypart is very important)

Organized treks towards theAutria peak / it is not necessary to demand to reach the summit, just to reachthe Chiar Kota lagoon is enough and enjoy the wonderful view.

Cultural visits to Tiwuanaku inthe flat alti

2 days on Lake Titicaca visitingthe island of the sun.

These are some of the recommendedactivities to start acclimatization from the city.



The process of acclimatization isdifferent for each individual, some acclimatize faster than others.

• Stay well hydrated. Drink atleast 2 liters of water per day and if possible more.

• Do not eat heavy foods duringany activity. Avoid fatty foods and try to consume only carbohydrates.

Depending on the type of climbingif the expedition lasts many days will require a little fat for recovery

• The use of drugs such asAcetazolamide, also known as Diamox. It helps the process of acclimatization.But you have to have a lot in the use of it, since sometimes it hides thesymptoms of acute mountain sickness and does not allow us to detect it in time.On the other hand, Diamox is a mild diuretic, but being a diuretic, it isnecessary to consider many waters or liquids of the aforementioned parameters.

• do not demand much in height.It is recommended to maintain a constant rate of ascent and not force the bodyto its limit. Take a reasonable time for recovery.

• These are just general tips,remember that each person has their rhythm and personal process ofacclimatization.

If you want to learn more aboutthe subject, we recommend the book "Mal de altura. Prevention andtreatment "of unevenness.

by Administrador

2019-02-28 19:27:26